Cadet Baseboard Heaters

Taking advantage of a healthy portion of the heating market, baseboard heating has continually been a favorite heating method along with radiant heating, and forced air systems. They were never formed as a way to heat your complete home, but for additional heat, or simply a solution to warm a new extension or room, baseboard heaters are a broadly selected option.

One of the most broadly recognized brands in this market is Cadet. This company was established back in 1957, in Vancouver, WA, when new home construction was flourishing, and home builders were starting to stray away from the standard radiators in every room. Cadet have constantly had a dedication to new technology and development, maintaining them at the pinnacle of the baseboard heating industry.

There happens to be two types of Cadet baseboard heaters, one with an electric element, and the other hydronic. Both units work by means of convection, although warm the air in different ways. Electric editions make use of a calrod element, sheathed with steel to heat the air that moves over it, whereas the hydronic version uses a sealed tube of water to warm the air. Cadet define this method as ’soft heat‘, which is coined due to the fact of the cooler running temperatures, and efficiently heats the space with out the excessive radiation that the electric alternatives produce.

Produced to the superior standards that buyers have come to expect from Cadet, all of their devices abide to all current safety regulations, and engineered to the finest industry standards. When thinking of installing one of these devices, it can be beneficial to be aware that although the electric versions can be powered off either a 120 or 240V input, the hydronic versions can only operated off 240V, which means that if you are in a country that uses 120V, you must allow for 2 separate power lines to be provided, which may require external support from a professional.

Cadet additionally fabricates a range of portable space heaters, electric radiant in floor heating, thermostats, and fan-forced wall heaters also. They are a very accessible company on the net, but their items are also widely served across the United States.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Adam Norman

Homeowner Tips For Saving Money on Energy Use – Kitchen Appliances

Refrigerators and Freezers

o Try to keep your refrigerator door closed. You can waste a considerable amount of energy by continually opening and closing the refrigerator. When getting ready to prepare a meal, take all ingredients out at once. Also, make certain that the door is completely closed after you’re done using the refrigerator.

o Locate your freezer or refrigerator away from direct sunlight, heating equipment and heater vents. Provide enough open space on the sides, above and behind for proper air flow.

o Set the temperature of your refrigerator between 36 and 41 degrees Fahrenheit and your freezer close to 0 degrees for maximum savings. The United States Food and Drug Administration also endorses these temperatures to preclude rapid development of bacteria

o Keep your refrigerator or freezer full, but do not overdo it. Overfilling causes the compressor to run longer. Keep foods somewhat separated on the shelves, being sure that they will not block the unit’s interior air vents.

o Keep the unit’s condenser coils residue free and unblocked for the most energy efficiency.

o Since a snug-sealing door gasket is important for the efficiency of your refrigerator, clean door gaskets with warm water or a detergent that leaves no residue.

o Seal all moist foods that are stored in your refrigerator. Moisture might be drawn into the air, causing the unit to work for a longer period of time.

o If you use an older back-up freezer that only has a little food in it, use only the primary freezer and shut down the older one.

Cooking Appliances

o If you own more than one oven, use the smaller one whenever feasible.

o Save both time and money by using one oven to cook the complete meal. A cake or pie can go into the already heated oven after the main course is done.

o Use a pressure cooker. It reduces cooking time to less than half compared to typical cookware.

o Warming foods, dishes and platters with the oven’s already stored heat after roasting, requires no additional energy. If the food must be kept hot for longer than a half-hour, set the oven no higher than 140 to 200 degrees.

o Consider using a microwave oven, small portable electric frying pan, grill, or toaster oven/broiler rather than your oven. Cook out-of-doors or prepare cold meals to prevent heating up the kitchen and steam to the air inside your home. Microwave ovens use less than 1/2 of the power of a traditional oven and cook food in approximately 1/4 of the time.

o Covered pots or pans will begin producing steam or boiling quicker than those that are uncovered, permitting quicker results and less energy use.

o Cook with pots and pans that completely cover the heating elements. Use pots with even bases, vertical sides and tight-fitting lids in order to retain heat and permit lower temperature settings.

o Cook with crock pots, outdoor grills or casserole dishes to minimize the use of your stove’s heating elements and oven.

o Use only enough water to produce steam and preclude sticking when cooking fresh or frozen vegetables.

o Make sure that reflector pans under an electric stove’s heating elements are bright and clean. They reflect heat onto the bottom of the pot.

o Do not cover oven racks with foil. It can block the flow of heated air making the oven work longer to finish the job.

o Cook following exact timing and temperature instructions. Accurate timing reduces the need for repeated opening and closing of the oven door to check on cooking progress. Each time the oven is opened, the oven cools by 30 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

o On an electric stove, begin with high heat then decrease the temperature as the food starts to boil or bubble. Switch off the surface element a few minutes before cooking is complete. Electric stoves remain hot for a few minutes after they have been switched off.

o During warmer days, do your major cooking in the cooler evening or early morning hours. Try to use the range top instead of the oven.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Jim Navary

Typing Test

Distinctly, you have known it’s a fact that internet has become more important over the past decade than it has been for many years, so that you have to think about your typing skills. In the past, telephones started to dominate our personal and business communication. Instead of picking up the phone and call someone, it was much easier to instant chat with someone via MSN or send an Email. Apparently, mastering typing skills is necessary for you.

So do you know how fast you can type? And is your typing accuracy good enough? To know your typing speed and typing accuracy, you can clearly know your typing skills. Of course, to know your typing skills, you should take typing test to test your tying speed and accuracy on a keyboard.

Surely, it’s easy to learn to type with your two fingers just by looking at the keyboard. It’s quite slow and terrible to type by this way. Without doubt, the best way to gain how to type and how to improve typing speed is by using typing software, and with your typing improvement, you can take typing test to see your typing accuracy and typing speed in wpm, words per minute, as soon as you finish typing this short paragraph.

The most important and basic score is words per minute, or wpm for short. Often, this is a corrected score, where each error made during the test reduces the words per minute by one. Another common score is an accuracy percentage – which is simply the number of words you got right compared to how many you typed. For instance, 80% accuracy means you averaged 8 out of 10 words right.

Typing tests are offered by GS Typing Tutor, an online typing tutorial which teaches typing for Qwerty the US standard and Dvorak the US alternative standard keyboards. In typing lessons rhythm of music is used to encourage rhythmical typing. For practice and the typing tutor has typing games. Typing exercises and typing games accommodate all skills. From beginners to advanced Qwerty typist who wants to learn typing on more comfortable and faster Dvorak’s layout of a computer keyboard.

You may take a typing test to understand your current typing performance at any time. Once you complete the test, you can print or view the diploma of the test. The typing tutor supports many types of typing tests as the following below:

1. General typing test is a traditional way to examine your skills. The typing tutor shows the test text on the screen and you copy them to complete the test.

2. Typing At Will is a test which no test text is provided, you type what you want, so that the accuracy is meaningless but the typing speed.

3. Original Copy Typing Test is a unique feature of this typing tutor, which examines your typing speed with the original copy (printed copy). This test type needs two copies of the test text, one is printed on the paper, and another is stored on your computer for checking the error purpose. After the test starting, you type the text from the printed copy, and the program computes the accuracy and speed.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Shu Jun

Heating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Repairing Needs

Heating and air conditioning, (HVAC) systems consist of many mechanical and electronic components including compressors, pumps, fans, pipes, thermostats, etc. These are delicate appliances and needs proper care and maintenance. Central heating and cooling systems are more prone to failure as they stand the extreme weather conditions. This is the reason, an expert technician is always needed in order to repair, maintain, diagnose, as well as correct the severe problems throughout the system.

Experienced plumbers and HVAC technicians offer comprehensive services for:

1. Compressors

2. Evaporator Coils


In AC units, the compressor is the prime component and serves big functions. Its main function is to squeeze the refrigerant that comes to the compressor as a cool and low-pressure gas. The compressor in turn envelops the molecules of the fluid close together. The process of squeezing of molecules together enhances its underlying energy as well as temperature and the working fluid leaves the compressor as a hot and high-pressure gas.

In central air conditioning systems, it is located in a separate box outside the home comfort. If your air conditioner running continuously, but fail to cool or maintain the inner temperature the problem persist in the compressor. Therefore, it is necessary to keep your compressor clean and clear. Expert plumbers can perform the task and clear away any leaves, herbs, mud, debris, grass clippings or dust particles and rinse it off with a hose. It will clean the compressor and make it more efficient. Plumbers also clean the aluminum fins present inside the component.

Evaporator Coils

It is an integral part of the air conditioning unit, which pulls heat out of your home’s atmosphere. Its main part is to allow the liquid to evaporate arriving from the compressor, which extracts heat from the surrounding home air and eventually lowers the air temperature inside.

For your air conditioning unit to work smartly and efficiently, it’s vital to keep these evaporator coils clean and clear. Plumbers and expert HVAC technicians change the filter frequently. They also inspect your air conditioner in order to identify whether your evaporator coil needs a more thorough, professional cleaning.

Specialists also diagnose other components of the system including thermostat, air handlers, furnaces, heat pumps and provide vitally essential HVAC tips to the people. They provide energy saving tips, annual air conditioning and heat pump maintenance programs and regular repairing services to the keep the system efficient, smooth and trouble-free. For complete peace of mind they tend to offer necessary services including heater and furnace repairs and installation, HVAC installation and repair and air conditioning system design.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Alfred Gordan

Freon Air Conditioners Will Soon Be a Thing of the Past

If you own an old air conditioner or heat pump that uses Freon, it is time to think about making a change. Freon is a chemical coolant, or refrigerant, that facilitates the transfer of heat from one place to another. Known as R-22 in the heating, cooling, and refrigeration industry, Freon has been used for several decades, but won’t be any longer. This is because chemical refrigerants are harmful to the environment, including the O-zone layer. And as soon as this scientific evidence was confirmed, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), along with several other environmental agencies from around the world, came together to ratify the Freon Phase Out. If you own an old air conditioner, continue reading to learn about the Freon phase out and how it affects your property’s heating and cooling.

Freon Phase Out

World-wide environmental protection agencies enacted a Freon phase out several years ago to eliminate the threat of chemical refrigerants to our surrounding environment, namely our O-zone layer. With years of hard work, chemical engineers and HVAC specialist were able to create an eco-friendly replacement for R-22 called R-410A, better known as Puron. So in 2010, HVAC manufacturers stopped producing Freon-dependent appliances entirely, and started only producing systems designed to use Puron. In accordance with this phase out, Freon can only be used to recharge HVAC systems until January 1st, 2020. After this date, Freon will be completely phased-out and no longer available.

Get Rid of Freon

If you own an air conditioning system that uses Freon as a coolant, you can expect some difficulties until this upcoming 2020 date. Since Freon is being phased out, the market supply has dropped drastically. This means that Freon is difficult to find and very costly. Recharging your HVAC system is going to be both tedious and expensive for the next four years. And in 2020, you will have no choice but to replace your system with a new one since Freon will be gone forever. For these reasons and more, it is important to consider replacing your air conditioner with a newer model as soon as possible. Not only will it lower energy bills and maintenance costs, it will be much safer for the environment!

Don’t waste your time repairing coolant leaks or mechanical problems in an air conditioner that still utilizes Freon. It is more cost-effective to replace your air conditioning system altogether, and skip the imminent hassle of using Freon. Eventually, you’ll have to invest in a non-Freon system anyway, so it’s better to start now!

How to Safely Dispose an Old Air Conditioner

When it comes time to replace your old air conditioner with a new one, do not throw your old AC in the trash. Not only is this highly dangerous and illegal, it is a waste of perfectly good money. That’s because you can sell your old appliances to a scrap metal buyer and make a quick cash profit. Then you can use this money toward your new air conditioner purchase. Before you sell your air conditioner to a scrap metal yard, it is important to first learn how to dispose of the R-22 and R-410A refrigerants, legally and safely.

To do this, you must hire a certified professional to remove the refrigerants from your old AC unit. Some scrap yards have professionals they work with that do this service for them, while others require you do have the refrigerants removed before they can accept them. Check with your local scrap metal buyer to see what their requirements are for scrapping an old air conditioner. You can also look for Responsible Appliance Disposal (RAD) organizations in your area if you want to get rid of it without selling it to a scrap metal buyer.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Sarahbeth Kluzinski

Air Conditioner Components

Commercial cooling desires are clearly growing throughout the world. Air conditioning was once measured as a luxury and is now more of a necessity. Reputed and expert manufacturers have played a good part in making units more reasonably priced. They have increased their competence and improved technology as well as commercial air conditioner accessories. The increase in the competitiveness of the industry has simply produced more and more superior products.

These appliances differ significantly in size. They obtain their energy from several different sources. The attractiveness of commercial air conditioners has augmented dramatically with the arrival of central air. The strategy utilises ducting for both cooling and heating. Air conditioning systems with a heat pump is a central air conditioning as well as heating system. In one of the modes, it performs the conditioning function. In the turn round mode, it becomes a heater.

The commercial variants, almost every one of them, have altered a lot as energy costs continued to rise and power sources continued to change and get better. Let us look at the air conditioner components.

A) Outdoor Components

1. Condenser Coil – stays outdoor

Condenser coils are a system of tubes filled with the refrigerant. The function is to eliminate heat from the hot gas refrigerant and change the refrigerant into a fluid form. The surplus heat rises into the outside air, therefore making the condenser coil an outdoor air conditioner component.

2. Compressor – stays outdoors

A compressor is clearly the heart of the air conditioning system. This component of the system circulates the refrigerant in an enclosed loop between the evaporator and condenser coils. You can get compressors in more than one variety. There are scroll type and reciprocating ones. Scroll type compressors can be costlier but are generally elevated in efficiency and less noisy than reciprocating compressors.

3. Fan – stays outdoors

This air conditioner component takes in air through the condenser coil so that heat dispersal can take place.

B) Indoor Components

1. Evaporator coil – stays indoors

Evaporator coils are a system of tubes filled with the refrigerant. The function is to eliminate heat and moisture from the air so that the refrigerant can evaporate into a gas again.

2. Air filters – stays indoors

This element traps dust, other airborne particles as air moves throughout. This component is necessary to improve the cooling operation as well as ensure our health.

3. Air handling unit – stays indoors

This component is the blower of the central air conditioning system. It passes air through the air ducts.

You can find stocks of all the necessary air conditioner components and commercial air conditioner accessories online. These components are needed for putting together a cooling or heating system. Whether you are changing your old one or need a whole air conditioning system, the online sellers provide all major air conditioning products of different quality brands. A simple organic search will yield your stocks of the best grade air conditioner components available. You can choose your pick!

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Rohit Bisht

Electric Geysers Conversion of Electrical Energy Into Heat Energy

It is so relaxing to take a shower in hot water after a long days work. This is when electric geysers become useful.

Geysers work on the principle of conversion of electrical energy into heat energy by using a heating element. Cold water comes into a defined compartment, gets heated to a certain degree, by the heating element and goes out through another outlet. ISI marked geysers are preferred over local makes because they have incorporated essential safety norms.

The standard geyser is 15lt in capacity, although 1lt capacity geysers are also available. These electrical appliances have insulated body with long life heating element. There are multiple safety systems installed in geysers to avoid any kind of mishap. These geysers come with a minimum guarantee period but have quite a good life. Combistat is also fitted for maintaining temperature and to conserve energy.

Electrical Geysers are classified as per their capacity, where the starting range is one liter and extends up to 25liters, depending on the requirement of any household.

Instant Geysers are geysers which take very little time to heat water and have lesser capacity as compared to traditional geysers. Fusible plug, pressure release valve, thermal cut out and ISI approved thermostat are some of the features of instant geysers. They are good for small families because standard geysers consume more electricity to heat large quantity of water. Instant geysers are also successful in kitchens where water consumption is only for cleaning of utensils.

Geysers are also classified according to energy consumption. Some large capacity geysers consume lesser electricity, despite their higher capacity. These geysers are given ratings of 4stars and 3stars respectively. The higher number of stars denotes higher efficiency and therefore low energy consumption. Those electrical appliances should be purchased which have good ratings to save on energy and enjoy greater efficiency.

Electrical Geysers are available in different shades to go with the interiors of your bathroom and kitchen.

The trusted brands for Electrical Geysers include Bajaj and Kenstar. These are available at at good deals.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Tom Lopez

The Beginner’s Guide to Traditional Archery

Why shoot traditional?

Why would you choose a simple stick bow over today’s shiny, technologically advanced compound monsters? While it is true that modern advances have made archery more beginner friendly, the traditional longbow remains potent, lighting fast, and great fun.

Modern advances have reduced the need for archers to have perfect form and complete control over their body. This translates to a sport which is more accessible and immediately fulfilling compared to the time-honed training of the past. Nonetheless, the foundations of good archery remain unchanged regardless of the make and model that you hold in your hands. Possessing the skill to shoot well with traditional bows directly translates to the ability to shoot well with modern bows. The opposite is not true; those who have relied entirely on modern gadgets to shoot often have to start fresh when using a traditional bow.

The simple longbow was the foundation of entire empires. That being said, shooting a traditional bow generates a strong sense of nostalgia for those with an interest in history. Furthermore, the traditional bow does not suffer from the „next best thing“ syndrome. You do not have to spend money on new accessories to improve, making traditional shooting an economical decision. Finally, you get bragging rights. Traditional shooting is regarded as more difficult than modern archery and can garner respect from others on the line. This is especially true if you are out-shooting modern equipment with your simple stick bow. Also, traditional bows are uncommon at most ranges and will likely get you several looks from curious archers.

If you follow the recommendations in this guide you can expect several outcomes from shooting traditional archery. First, you can expect a noticeable learning curve, even if you have shot modern equipment in the past. You will have to train your body to repeat the same motions repeatedly and you will need to get used to aiming your shots with the tip of your arrow. Next, you can expect sore fingers, even with finger protection, if you need to build up your calluses. You can expect to shoot faster than most modern archers; traditional longbows can loose as many as fifteen accurate arrows in a minute if you have honed your skills. Finally, you can expect a great sense of accomplishment as your arrows begin to move closer and closer to that bull’s eye and you know that you did not rely on any superfluous technology.


Bow (required)

The most basic traditional bow is the longbow, also known as the stick bow. It does not have a pronounced viewing window or arrow rest protruding off of the body and is usually good for both right- and left-eye dominant shooters. These bows are typically taller than other types to increase their maximum power. You can also get a recurve bow which uses a more complicated limb design to increase release velocity without making the bow larger.

Large bow manufacturers often make recurve bows out of modern materials and these are perfectly fine to get started. You do not need to buy a hand-crafted wood bow if you do not want to. While pretty, wood does require substantially more care than composite carbon and other modern implements. If possible, ask to try the bows of some people or organizations you know to see if you prefer one style over the other. You do not need to spend a fortune on a bow when you first start out. It will be a long time before your form is good enough that your equipment becomes the limiting factor of your accuracy.

There are other, more specialized types of bows, like the Japanese longbow which requires a unique draw style and the traditional Turkish bow which uses a special thumb release. These are not covered in the scope of this article, but if they interest you please do pursue them. There are many resources available online.

Arrows (required)

Arrows are the projectile used by the bow. When you purchase the bow you can speak with the sale’s staff or the supplier about good arrow choices. You will need to discuss your draw length (determines arrow length), the poundage of your bow (determines arrow grain), shooting distances you are likely to encounter (determines vein length and tip weight), and what you intend to shoot (determines tip type: target or broad-head). As for material, the most common arrows are carbon fiber, aluminum, and wood. Traditional shooters prefer wood arrows as a generality. Note that arrows break. It is okay. Just make sure you check them before shooting them.

Finger tabs or gloves (highly, highly recommended)

Finger tabs/gloves protect your fingers from the whipping bowstring. Make sure they fit comfortably so that you can wear them for long periods and so excess materials are not interfering with your release. Bulky finger tabs can severely affect accuracy if excess material catches when the arrow is released.

Arm protection (recommended)

Many archers were a protective layer of leather or artificial materials on the inside of their bow arm to prevent the string from biting them when they release an arrow. If you use an arm guard, make sure it fits snugly and that there is not a gap between the guard and the skin near the inside of the elbow where the bow-string can get caught during a release. Proper form will minimize or remove any risk of hitting your forearm during a shoot.

Quiver/arrow stand (useful)

A dedicated place to store your arrows keeps them out of the dirt and makes you less inclined to tuck the arrows into your pocket or belt loop on the range. This keeps the arrows from either snapping/cracking or from stabbing you when you move around, so a quiver or arrow stand is beneficial.


Some targets are specifically designed to handle broad-head arrows. These arrows have sharp blades on the tip which are used for hunting game. In order to withstand broad-head arrows these targets are extremely tough. They also make fetching target heads a nuisance because they grab the arrow so tightly. On the other end of the spectrum, some targets are so sturdy that low poundage bows will bounce arrows off of the target instead of driving them in to stick. This is dangerous and also bad for your arrows. Targets designed for target heads will be shredded almost immediately by broad-heads. Make a point of checking if a target or bail will work well with your setup.

You do not need a fancy paper target. If the range allows you to use your own targets, print out your own. Additionally, you can take a plain piece of paper (the scrap of an old target works) and draw a circle or „X“ on it with your pen. You only need somewhere to aim, it is not necessary to spend extra money if you do not want to.


Wear a hat or apply sunscreen if you are out in the sun to protect yourself from burns and over-heating. Always bring and drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration and exhaustion. If you have a take-down bow, use a bow-stringer. It is less stressful on your limbs than bending the bow between your legs to remove the bow string. If you are having difficulty removing your arrows from targets (especially foam targets), bring a bar of non-scented, non-lotion bar soap to rub on your arrows between each round. This helps lubricate the arrow and will make taking the arrow from the target easier. Do not soap arrows that are not your property without owner consent.


Never, ever pull back your bowstring and release it without an arrow knocked. You can shatter your bow limbs and send splinters flying at your face. Those are two expensive consequences for something that you never need to do.

Never, ever aim at people, pets, public property, etc. A bow is a weapon, and even if an arrow is not knocked you can make a lot of people angry. It is hard to practice your form if you go to jail, so try not to do anything regrettable.

Never, ever shoot a broken arrow. Even shooting with a missing vein can cause an arrow to do some weird acrobatics mid flight. Do not shoot with a missing tip, a missing knock, a cracked shaft, etc. It is not going to fly the way you want it to and it can be a danger to yourself and others. Make a habit of checking over your arrows every time you fetch them from the target.

Never, ever drink alcohol or consume other chemicals that inhibit your judgment/reaction time before or during a shoot or practice.

Never, ever try to remove an arrow from the target by holding it near the fletching and wiggling it back and forth or around in a circle. This can break or warp your arrow quickly.

Always follow the rules at any range you visit. Listen closely to whoever is calling the line. Safety is paramount and you do not want to be branded as a hazard.

Always verify that the line between you and your target, and especially the line that extends past your target, are clear. If someone or something that really shouldn’t have an arrow sticking out of it is on the range, it is your responsibility to call a hold if people are about to fire. Yes, this includes wildlife unless the animal is in season, you are licensed for the game, the range is located in a legal hunting area, and the range owners have given you explicit permission.

Always store your arrows tip-down in your quiver/arrow holder. Always hold the tips pointed downward when you are walking back to the line with your arrows. You do not need to stab yourself or someone else because you tripped or were not paying attention.

Always make sure your string is in good condition before you shoot – not frayed, properly waxed, etc.

Always make sure your bow limbs are in good condition before you shoot – not cracked, split, loose, or otherwise less than ideal. These limbs have to take a lot of abuse when you shoot and if they are compromised they can become a huge danger to you and those around you.

Always remove an arrow from the target by grasping the shaft as close to the target face as you can and pulling it straight out without tugging up, down, or to either side.

Always remember that archery is fun. If you are having a terrible time, you may as well go do something else and come back when you are in a better mood.

Which eye is dominant?

Unlike other sports which differentiate between a dominant and non-dominant hand, archery is most concerned with your dominant eye. Your dominant eye has no relation to your dominant hand. If you are right handed you can be left eye dominant, and the reverse is also true. In order to check your eye dominance, use this simple test:

Hold up the tip of a pen or other small object on which you can focus your vision. Staring intently at the object, bring it slowly toward your face, making sure that it always stays in the center of your vision. Do not break your gaze from the object and continue bringing it closer until it almost touches your eye. Congratulations, the item is now in front of your dominant eye. If you hit the center of your nose you are not focusing on the object.

If the object moved to your right eye you are „right eye dominant“ and are in the main stream. Most archers are right eye dominant. You will hold the bow with your left hand and draw the string back with your right hand. If the object moved to your left eye you are „left eye dominant“ and will hold the bow with your right and draw back the string with your left. Left-eye dominance is not as common so you may have difficulty begging the use of someone’s bow to try it out, but left-handed and/or universal bows are not difficult to purchase.

The archery form – turning the body into a machine

The key to good shooting is consistency. You will not make consistent shots if you do not have a consistent form. This can be likened to turning your body into a machine. Countless repetitions of your proper form are required to build sufficient muscle memory to have a consistent release. Remember, archery can boil down nicely into a simple ballistics exercise. If you cannot control where you are shooting your accuracy will be only moderately better than coincidental.

Begin by lining the tips of your toes up with an imaginary line that extends perpendicularly from the center of the target. Stand up straight and breathe, you should not be tense. Make sure that your feet are shoulder-width apart and that you are straddling the shooting line with one foot on either side. This gives you a stable stance and keeps you nicely in line with your target.

Place your fingers on the string such that you stabilize the arrow, either with your index finger above the arrow and your middle and ring fingers below, or with all three fingers below the arrow (the knock keeps the arrow in place on the other side). See the comparison between split-finger and three-under shooting at the end of the article. Using your chosen style, hook the string between the first and second joint of your fingers. Make sure that your fingers are curled enough so the string cannot slip out from your grasp as you draw back.

Align the handle of the bow with the base of your thumb and let your knuckles remain at a 45 degree angle to the bow. You may touch your forefinger and thumb together if you wish, but your hand should be relaxed. The pressure generated when pulling back on the string should hold the bow to your hand. If you clench the bow you can ruin your accuracy.

Once your hands are in position, raise your bow hand so it is level with your shoulder. Twist your bow arm so that the elbow is pointed away from the bow. This forces a bend in your arm and keeps you from getting string bites: when the string hits your arm when you release. Pull horizontally with your string hand so that it follows your bow arm and continue to your anchor point. As you draw back the string, use your back muscles. This involves bringing your shoulder blades together as you pull. The use of back muscles, not your arm, is what helps you generate a straight force that will send your arrow where you are aiming. Try to keep your shoulders as low as possible when drawing back the bow.

Anchor points vary from person to person, but typically you should ensure that the arrow lines up with your dominant eye. This allows you to aim down the arrow as a sight. One suggestion is to anchor your index finger below your chin and let the string rest against your nose. If you keep your teeth together this is a consistent anchor. Three-under shooters will have to adjust this position slightly. Try out different positions until you find one that is consistent and comfortable for you to return to repeatedly.

When aiming you generally close your non-dominant eye. This allows you to look straight down the arrow without distraction. You can use the tip of your arrow as a means of sighting your shot. At the start you should try to point directly at the bull’s eye and eventually make adjustments. Adjusting your aim is straightforward; whatever direction your arrow point moves is the direction the impact site will shift.

While you should make a conscious note of your form at the beginning, eventually you should only be focusing on where you are aiming. Everything else should become muscle memory after enough practice. When you are aiming at your target, continue to pull the string back with your back muscles and then refuse to hold the string. If you are focusing only on aiming this release should be a surprise. A proper release will cause your string hand to pull backward toward your ear and the bow to fall forward in your bow hand.

Finally, continue to aim at the center of your target until the arrow lands. This promotes good follow-through and prevents you from falling out of your form before the arrow has cleared the bow.

Looking at your own form

Consider asking a friend to record you while you shoot arrows. You can identify your own problems this way. You can also use these videos as a demonstration of what you are doing off of the range and may be useful for someone trying to help you improve.

When shooting you should be focusing on aiming, but eventually you will know when your shot „feels“ right or „feels“ wrong. If it feels wrong, slowly let down your draw and try again. There is no reason to take a bad shot. If you are in a timed round, you will have to rely on your experience to tell you if it is quicker for you to draw down and re-attempt the shot or to lose the arrow and quickly reload.

Always check to see if you were surprised by the arrow release. If you said „now“ in your head, you were not aiming. If your string hand did not snap backward, you were not aiming. Specifically, if you release the arrow and your hand does not move from its anchor, you had a „dead release“ which really changes your arrow’s flight. Be surprised! It’s good for you and your form!

Precision precedes accuracy – how to hit the bull’s eye.

What is precision? What is accuracy?

Precision is the ability to hit the target in the same location over and over again. If you fire thirty arrows and every single one lands in a three inch circle on the lower right of the target face, you may have a terrible score but you also have great precision. Although often understated, precision is the key to successful shooting. If you do not know where your arrow is going to land then you cannot know how to make a proper correction. Thus, precision must precede accuracy. If you miss the center ring all day but your arrows have punched a hole out of the side of the target, you have had a successful shoot.

Accuracy is the ability to shoot at a specific target. If you aim at the center of the target and hit it, you are very accurate. However, if you shoot ten arrows and one hits the center of the target, you are lucky. True accuracy requires a strong foundation of precision. Once your form has developed enough to strike the same area of the target, it is comparatively little effort to move that group onto the center of the bail. Accuracy is the shiny trophy you get for a lot of hard training.

Becoming precisely accurate.

Always aim at the same spot on your target. Always. Even if you think you are shooting too low or off to the right, always aim at that same spot. If you aim at the same spot and your arrows are not landing consistently (they are scattered on the target), moving your aiming spot is not going to help you at all.

Once your arrows begin landing in a tight „group“ you can make one adjustment: either up/down or left/right. Depending on your patience, a „reasonable“ group would be about a 3 inch radius at your maximum shooting range (more on that later). Shoot using this new aiming spot and make sure your entire group has moved accordingly but has not become more spread out. Once you are 100% sure where all of your arrows are landing, make one more adjustment up/down or left/right. Continue until your group falls across the center of the bull’s eye. This takes a lot of time, a lot of patience, and a lot of resolve, but it has a huge payoff.

Shoot as far as you can as often as you can.

Do not ignore your short distance shooting, but when trying to become more precise and accurate try to shoot at least 10 yards/meters past the maximum distance you expect to shoot. If your tournaments never push past 40 yards/meters, practice at 50+ yards/meters.

As distance between you and the target increases the more dramatic small imperfections in your form will become. A three-inch group at 20 yards can become a 12-inch group at 50 yards. This is partly due to the increased contribution of small angles at longer distances, so seemingly minor shifts in one direction at 20 yards are magnified at 50 yards. There are also environmental factors affecting the arrow but that is more difficult to predict/control. If you can shoot a three inch group at 50 yards/meters you will find yourself hitting your own arrows at 20 yards/meters because your muscle memory is more fine-tuned from the training.

Stop while you are ahead

If you are tired, stop shooting. There is no reason to develop bad habits during exhaustion that will take multiple shooting sessions to shake off. Avoid bad habits and just put the bow down. Your strength and endurance training happens off of the range where you cannot damage your form. More discussion on this training is discussed later in the article.

Never adjust your aim until you are shooting consistent, tight groups. Remember, shooting a tight group is the hard part. Making a fine-tuned adjustment to hit the center is easy. Do not complicate matters by feverishly adjusting your aim each time you fire an arrow. A good group is worth more than hitting the center of the target. Do not fall into the trap of trying to compete with someone next to you on the range (unless it is a tournament). Just keep working on your own form and the points will come pouring in.

Improving your shot off of the range


There are numerous training plans available to improve your upper body and shooting muscles. Pushups are great for your upper body and I highly recommend them. Check out „100 pushups“ in your search bar for a great personal plan. Pull-ups are also pretty amazing for your upper body; the 100 pushups website also has a link to a pullup plan. Furthermore, many archery training tools are available, either as finished products or as a „make your own“ instructional guide. Consider these items instead of possibly damaging your bow. Finally, general fitness and cardiovascular health is always good. Jogging, swimming, and other cross-training keeps you in shape and mixes it up a bit. Remember to please consult a physician before beginning any new diet or workout.

Improving your release.

Practice picking up a closed paint bucket by the handle with your fingers. Pretend you are drawing back an arrow. Now practice refusing to hold the bucket. The handle should slip out of your fingers cleanly, without catching on anything. Continue to work with the bucket when you are not on the range to develop a clean release. Your release can be a huge source of inconsistency when you shoot so this is a great way to get in some extra practice without the range fees.

Split fingers or three under?

Split finger shooting is the more common and „natural“ position of your fingers on the bowstring. You position your index finger on top of the knock and your middle and ring fingers beneath the arrow. This is the preferred finger arrangement for a number of archers and is touted as the better choice for long distance (80+ yards) and trick shooting. The reasoning is that you have slightly more control over your arrow, and your arrow naturally has more of an upward angle which increases travel distance. Basically, because your fingers are positioned above and around the arrow, the arrow actually has a higher degree of separation from „true horizontal“ compared to three-under shooting. The big disadvantage of shooting split finger comes from the fact that your index finger is separated from your middle and ring fingers. When separated your fingers are harder to control as a group, meaning you may release your string with your bottom two fingers but „pluck“ the string with your index finger, or vice versa. The learning curve to correct this issue can be steep for some shooters. Additionally, because you are „pinching“ the arrow between your fingers, you have a higher likelihood of catching the arrow with your fingers or with your finger protection when you release, which can also change your arrow’s flight.

Three under shooting is the placement of your index, middle, and ring fingers beneath the arrow. The top of the arrow is supported by the knock attached to your bowstring. This is a less common approach to shooting but offers a different shooting experience. Some may find this finger position to be unnatural, but this is not always the case. Some experience little or no learning curve using this method and you handily avoid the problems of pinching the arrow or plucking the string, which you must deal with if you use the split-finger approach. You do lose out on range: all of your fingers are below the arrow so if you used the same anchor as a split-finger style your arrow would have less of an angle. This does not affect flight directly, but it does affect „shooting the gap“ at long distances because you will have to raise your bow higher than a split-finger shooter to reach the same target. For those shooting short to medium ranges, the difference is fairly minimal. You mainly have to concern yourself with making sure that you are distributing pressure equally on the bowstring when drawing back, i.e. not pulling the string mainly with your ring finger, which causes an unequal load on the bow limbs and may harm your equipment/accuracy.

Try the two styles out and see which one works for you. You can become proficient and even excel using either method. The split finger arrangement is the more traditional choice.

What should I look for in an archery range?

There are many factors that can affect your taste in an archery range. You can ask some questions to see if a range is good for you.

Does the range attract only hunters, target shooters, or both? Does it have indoor and/or outdoor ranges for various distances? Are the bails appropriate for what I want to shoot? Does the range have a store/workshop or is it only targets? Does the range have knowledgeable staff? Do they know about traditional archery? Do they know about modern archery? Is the shop equipped to handle repairs that may apply specifically to your bow/arrows? Is the shop able to order special items for you if requested? Are classes held at the range? How crowded is the range during various hunting seasons? Are the range fees affordable?

Can I make my own archery range?

This depends on your local laws and regulations. Firing weapons inside of city limits is globally a bad ideal and this includes bows. You should check your local laws before attempting to set up a target in your own backyard. In general you will need a large plot of private land with a back-stop to prevent arrows from leaving the designated „range area“. Local regulations will provide the specifics. If you live in a highly populated area like a city you will likely have no luck getting a range approved. If you have empty acreage with no visitors, it is more likely to be an option.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Gary J Russo

Geothermal HVAC Unit

Geothermal technology is rapidly replacing inefficient, outdated heating and cooling systems and improving the quality of temperature control while reducing our dependence on fossil fuels. Government agencies have endorsed geothermal heat pump systems as the most energy efficient, environmentally clean, and cost effective systems for heating and cooling homes. They are the future of climate control and the solution to our energy crisis.

The first ground source heat pump was installed in 1948 as an experiment by Professor Carl Nielson. People quickly realized what a promising energy alternative it would be and began improving and producing the equipment. Modern heat pump systems last much longer, require less maintenance, and are four times more efficient than traditional air-source heat pumps. Today there are well over a million geothermal heat pumps installed worldwide and an additional 80,000 units are installed in the USA each year.

Geothermal heat pumps are exceptionally good for the environment and extremely safe. These systems do not have on-site emissions or flammable materials. By eliminating any combustion you do not have to worry about fumes, odors, or carbon monoxide in your home. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, if just 100,000 homes converted to a geothermal heating and cooling system, carbon dioxide emissions could be reduced by 880 million pounds. Currently, atmospheric CO2 is 30% higher than it was 200 years ago and if not reduced can cause serious detrimental global impacts. Geothermal technology offers a wonderful solution to lowering these greenhouse gases.

As an incentive to install these environmentally-friendly units the government is offering a 30% tax credit based on the installed price of a geothermal heat pump unit that meets or exceeds Energy Star requirements. Although these systems are initially more expensive, this credit offers a tremendous discount and homeowners can expect a significant decrease in their energy bills. Customers often report they receive a full payback on their investment in three to five years.

When you consider the durability, comfort, cleanliness, and energy savings it is obvious why the government has endorsed them as the best systems for temperature control!

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Glenn Egg

Choosing the Right Company For Heating and Air Conditioning Systems Repair

When your air conditioner or furnace breaks down, your home immediately goes from being a comfortable environment to being too hot or too cold. As a result, many people open the phone book and call an HVAC repair company without performing some essential research that can determine whether or not their heating or cooling situation will be responded to in the proper manner. While each domestic heating and air conditioning repair service will offer to address your problem, choosing a service that will address it in the optimal fashion requires the following considerations.

Does a Service Specialize in Repairs?

While all heating and cooling companies will be able to diagnose your problem, you want to ensure that a company specializes in heating and air conditioning systems repair. Although most HVAC specialists offer heating and air conditioning systems repair, some companies earn the majority of their profits from replacing faulty heating and cooling elements, which could mean their first inclination is replacing your air conditioner or furnace instead of repairing it. Considering the significant price of replacing heating and cooling systems, the primary focus should be on evaluating whether you’re furnace or air conditioner isn’t suffering from a bad part or a system of parts that appear poised for more beak downs.

The Quality of a Service’s Technicians

When you read about tips for hiring the best HVAC repair technicians, you’ll encounter a myriad of cautions that range from being obviously sensible to bizarrely personal, such as the idea that you should determine whether or not a technician is an alcoholic. But unless you feel like hiring a private investigator, the best way to hire a quality HVAC technician is to make sure that he or she is licensed, bonded and insured and possesses NATE certification. Technicians that are licensed, bonded and insured display that they passed an HVAC certification test and are covered by insurance in the event that damage occurs to your person or property as a result of HVAC work. NATE certification shows that a technician possesses up to date knowledge of best HVAC practices.

Time Sensitive Service Agreements

Depending on your air conditioner or furnace’s repair issue, a technician may not be able to repair it on the same day that the problem is diagnosed, in which case you should insist on a time sensitive agreement before making payments. A time sensitive service agreement should state that, unless the repair is completed by a certain date, you are absolved of the responsibility to pay for the project, regardless of its completion status. Most air conditioning service providers complete repairs on time even without a time sensitive agreement. But there are also cases of HVAC companies taking weeks or even months longer to fix a problem than anticipated, which is something that you can’t afford in the heat of summer or coldness of winter.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Brian Figlioli

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